The Working Man’s Guide to ICD and CRT Indications:  Making Sense of the Various Guidelines

Cardiologist Andrew Epstein, MD, examines the indications for ICD and CRT use and the potential confusion arising from the numerous guidelines for device-based therapy in the arrhythmias and for heart failure management and their recent updates. Dr Epstein concludes with a consideration of the Department of Justice investigation into ICD implantation and its implications for physicians and hospitals providing this service.