The Relationship Between Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease

Virend Somers, M.D., Ph.D., Mayo Clinic cardiologist and sleep expert, discusses sleep apnea and its impact on the cardiovascular system, as well as treatment options.

There are two main types of sleep apnea: obstructive and central. Obstructive sleep apnea is typically associated with snoring, hypertension, atrial fibrillation and myocardial ischemia. Central sleep apnea tends to be associated with heart failure and is more common in males.

Treatment for obstructive sleep apnea can include weight loss, adjusting the sleeping position or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The optimal treatment for central sleep apnea is adaptive servoventilation. 

Video Content Outline 

  • Introduction
  • What is sleep apnea? (0:27)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea
  • Association with cardiovascular disease (2:48)
  • Treatment options for sleep apnea (6:42)
  • Effects of therapy (9:17)
  • Conclusion (12:36)

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Virend Somers, M.D., Ph.D..

Virend Somers, M.D., Ph.D.

Conditions treated High blood pressureSleep apnea Interests Neurocirculatory abnormalities in sleep and sleep apneaChemoreflex responses in hypertensionNeurocirculatory control mechanisms in humans in health and disease

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