What is arthroscopy?
Arthroscopy is a minimally-invasive procedure used for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting joints. The physician can directly view the internal structures of a joint using an instrument called an arthroscope.
Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.
It consists of a system of lenses, a small video camera, and a light for viewing. The camera is connected to a monitoring system that allows the physician to view a joint through a very small incision. The arthroscope is often used in conjunction with other tools that are inserted through another incision.
The joint most frequently examined using arthroscopy is the knee. However, arthroscopy can be used to examine other joints, including the following: